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Musical & Instruments Abbreviations
Normierung / standardization of instrumentation

(used mainly in data-field "instrumentation" ≈ Besetzung)
this shortcuts ≈ abbreviations are used for standardizing the instrumentation by algorithmic text recognition
result is the new standardized datafield "instrumentation standard".
Please notice the ambiguity by means of mixing human performers (perc, actor, perf) and non-human equipment (computer, generator, ring modulator))

rules (used in EMDoku1)

A Alt, alto (singing Voice) {64} a- alto (instrument prefix ≈ a-fl) (nop) {140}
acc Akkordeon / bandoneon / accordion {154} amp amplified (≈ amp vn), amplifier, verstärktes Instrument, (nop) {265}
actor actor, mime, narrator, clown, Akteur, actress, actrice, acrobat {275} B Bass, bass (singing Voice) {96}
b- bass (ins. prefix ≈ b-cl & b-Bar) (nop){390} Bar Bariton, baritone (singing Voice), b-Bar {110}
bar- baritone (ins prefix ≈ bar-sax) (nop){30} bn Fagott, bassoon {128}
br
br-
brass {50}
brass-prefix ( ≈ br-ens, (nop)){33}
ch chor, choir, chorus, children ch, male ch, female ch … {420}
choreo Choreography {2} cl clarinet (b-, db-, a-, es-), bassett-hn {884}
clvd clavichord = hpd (Cembalo) {15} com

computer, ≈ laptop, sampler ≈ sam, MARS, Workstation, DSP, NeXT, Max, Max/MSP, Supercollider, ISPW, Kyma, Fairlight, Fly, Smartphone, Synclavier, drumpad-sam, workstation, roboter, flute-playing-machine, … {616}
very often the symbol "com" do not nead additional performer ≈ vague result

con controlled, controller, gesteuert (nop) {21} cymbal
cym
Becken {4}, Cymbal {8}, Cinello, Piatto, Cymbale {1}= perc {∑ 19}
dance dancer, dancers {173} db
db-
Kontrabass, double bass {388}
ins prefix {55}
DSP Digital Signal Processing {44} = com dig digital (nop) {19}
ehn english horn {28}, cor anglais ≈ a-ob (alt-Oboe) = ob e- electric, electronic (instrument prefix ≈ e-gui {215}, e-perc {11}, e-p {34}, e-ens {8}, e-org ≈ Kbd {42}) (nop) … {∑ 405}
elec electronic, electric, ≈ rm, effects, mic, generator, oscillator, harm, Vocoder, data glove, live-elec, transducer, mic, tape recoder, tape-loop, effects, dig delay, digital reverb, radio, CD-player etc. {469} ens
-ens
ensemble (also with prefix ≈ str-ens, ww-ens), ready made, network, band, … {747}
fem
male
female (nop) {108}
male (nop) {37}
fl
-fl
flute (db- {14}, b- {67}, a- {40}, C- {8}…)
rec {111} (s- {2}, a- {8}, t- {5}, b- {6}…),
piccolo / pic-fl {33}, ottavino {2}, sopranino {3}, cheng {2}, shakuhachi {25}, pan-fl {2},{∑ 1238}
gen generator, generated {20} = elec gui Zupfins / plucked string ins = guitar (b-gui {24}, a- {1}, e- {216}, e-bass {12}, …), e-chin {4}, charango {3}, chitarra {0}, mandoline {0}, lute {8}, balalaika {1}, pipa {4}, chapman stick {3}{∑ 607}
harm harmonizer {32} = elec hn horn ≈ french horn, F-Horn {1}, B-Horn, jagdhorn, waldhorn, flügelhorn {8}, trompe {1}, alphorn {4}, euphonium {4}{∑ 199}
hp Harfe, harp {311} hpd Cembalo, harpsichord, clavichord = clvd {145}
impro improvisierend, improvising (nop) {13} ins
-ins
instrument (rough specification, instrument not even specified) {628}
if used as suffix like perc-ins {2}, then converted to perc; asian ins ≈ ins {∑ 76}
int international (nop) {0} ISPW IRCAM musical workstation {0} = com
Kbd Keyboard, Tasteninstrument, e-org {42}, com-Kbd, Carillon {29}{∑ 339} LS Loudspeaker (nop) {12}
mar marimba {70} = perc mdl mandoline {7} = gui
Mez Mezzo-Soprano (singing Voice) {120} mic Microphone (nop) {50} = elec
mtr Mixturtrautonium {19} = synt mul multiple (rough specification) {20} ≈ variabel / (nop)
mus musician(s) (rough specification) {105} mx mixed (nop) {10}
ob Oboe, hautbois, ehn {11}, ob-d'amore {5}{∑ 269} oma Ondes Martenot {58} = synt
orc
-orc

orchestra, orchestrated by … {∑ 544}
prefix str-orc {26}, perc-orc {1}, chamber-orc {31} … {∑ 65}

org Orgel, organ, Hammond-org {8}, Harmonium {8}, (but notice e-org ≈ Kbd) {202}
p piano, ≈ com-p {14}, e-p {34}, prep p {67}, disklavier {33}, Neo-Bechstein {6}, Player-p {17}, Pianocorda {1}, Fender-Rhodes-p {1}; "zu vier Händen" ≈ 2 pianists 4 hands = p {4 hands} (please notice the braces!) … {∑ 1941}
perc Schlagzeug, percussion ≈ tim {25}, vib {63}, mar {70}, xyl {8}, chimes {6}, cymbal {19}, Becken {4}, drum {21}, drumset {1}, drumpad {2}, steel-drum {3}, maracas {2}, perc-machine {1}, tam-tam {15}, snare-drum {5}, bell {16}, conga {2}, woodblock {2}, tom-tom {1}{∑ 1824}
octet
-octet
8 players, str-octet, w-octet ≈ 8 str, 8 w {2} perf performer, performed by (rough specification) ≈ Spieler {13}, player, dichter {1}, interpret {8}, artist {5}, audience {15}, technician {4}, assistent {7}, conductor {30}{∑ 576}
pic
pic-
piccolo (6)
prefix ≈ pic-fl {33}, pic-tpt {1}, picc-cl {1} (nop)
prep prepared (mostly means prep p) (nop) {85}
proc processed (nop) {17} qnt
-qnt
quintet, 5 player {51}
prefix str-qnt {5} ≈ 5 str, br-qnt {10} ≈ 5 w
qt
str-qt

quartet, 4 player / 4 ins {∑ 224}
prefix str-qt {191}, br-qt {5}, ww-qt {1}, vocal-qt / V-qt {4}, jazz-qt {3}, sax-qt {11}, fl-qt {1}

rec Blockflöte, recorder, flûte à bec = fl {111}; also with prefix
rm ring modulator {42} = synt s- soprano (instrument prefix ≈ s-sax) (nop) {57}
S Soprano (singing Voice) {579} sam sampler {137} = com
sax saxophone (db-, mety-, a-, b-, s-, t-) {590} sol
sol-
Solist, solo-instrument {9}
prefix ≈ sol-V (nop) {22}
Sp Sprecher, speaking Voice, recitor {364} str Streicher, string (rough specification; "classical" vn, va, vc, db excluded) ≈ monochord, Koto, Zheng, Guzheng, Kayagum, cymbylom, long-string, Koto, Santur, Tambura, Zimbal, Hackbrett, many asian ins … {354}
synt synthesizer ≈ mtr {19}, theremin {25}, Moog {2}, Syter {5}, oma {58}, Synthy AKS {9}, SynLab, MIDI {225}, Synket {7}, Subharchord {9}, DX7 {8}, … {∑ 1028}
t- tenor instrument prefix ≈ t-sax {45}, t-rec {6}, t-trbn {3} (nop) {∑ 54} T Tenor (singing Voice) {127}
tim Pauke, timpano(i) {25}= perc tpt
-tpt
Trompete, trumpet {281}
prefix toy-tpt {1}, b-tpt {2}, e-tpt {1}, …
trbn
-trbn
Trombone, Posaune {371}
prefix (t-, b-, s-)… {19}
tuba tuba, trompa, turbo-tuba, b-tuba {108}
V human Voice, singing Voice {1282} var variabel (number of …), rough specivication, (nop) {36}
va Bratsche, Viola, viola d'amore {6}, {∑ 328} vc cello, Violoncello, viola da gamba {10}, celletto {12}, arpeggione {1} … {∑ 779}
vib vibraphone {64} = perc vn violin, Violine, Geige, Zeta-vn {13} … {∑ 751}
w
w-
wind instrument, Blasinstrument, shawm {2}, cheng / sheng {3}, mouthorgan {7}, sho {14}, brass {5}, bagpipe / Dudelsack {4}{∑ 182} ww
ww-
woodwind, Holzblasinstrument {21} = w
prefix woodwind-Ensemble {33}
xyl xylophone {8} = perc (nop) no operation / not used ≈ slides, lights, special, midified, concrete, mobil, obsolete, several, synthetic, driven, modernes, grand, high, low, small, extended, retuned, mechanical, interactive, freely, modulated, digital, loop, robotic, optional / opt, processed / proc, prepared / prep, chamber-, boys, children, girls, young, mixed / mix / mx, gamelan-, male, female, contra-, ad libitum / ad lib, solo-, baroque, folk-, Counter, coloratur-, var, MIDI-, Moog, microinterval, microtonal, x-voice, amp,

 

last Modification: 23.10.2017 by F. Hein